9th AF Patch

416th Bombardment Group (L)

Summary

Statistics

 

Transcription from USAF Archives (Declassified IAW EO 12958)

WWII-Medal

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Summary information on the 416th Bomb Group (L)

Lineage
-------
Established as 416 Bombardment Group (Light) on 25 Jan 1943
Activated on 5 Feb 1943
Redesignated 416 Bombardment Group, Light on 20 Aug 1943
Inactivated on 24 Oct 1945


Assignments
-----------
III Air Support Command, 5 Feb 1943
III Bomber Command, 6 Aug 1943 to Jan 1944
   (attached to II Tactical Air Division, 1 to 22 Nov 1943)
IX Bomber Command, c. 1 Feb 1944
97 Combat Bombardment (later, 97 Bombardment) Wing, 4 Feb 1944
   (under operational control of 99 Combat Bombardment Wing, c. 4 Feb to c. 20 Mar 1944)
   (under operational control of IX Bomber Command, 11 to 18 Sep 1944)
   (under operational control of 99 Combat Bombardment Wing, 19 to 28 Sep 1944)
Assembly Area Command, c. 27 Jul to Oct 1945


Components - Squadrons
----------------------
668 Bombardment Squadron (L): 5 Feb 1943 to 11 Oct 1945
669 Bombardment Squadron (L): 5 Feb 1943 to 11 Oct 1945
670 Bombardment Squadron (L): 5 Feb 1943 to 11 Oct 1945
671 Bombardment Squadron (L): 5 Feb 1943 to 12 Oct 1945


Stations and Transfers
----------------------
Will Rogers Field, OK; 5 Feb 1943 to 3 Jun 1943
Lake Charles AAFld, LA; 5 Jun 1943 to 1 Nov 1943
Laurel AAFld, MS; 1 Nov 1943 to 1 Jan 1944
Camp Shanks, NY; 3 Jan 1944 to 17 Jan 1944
Transfer to ETO; 17 Jan 1944 to 31 Jan 1944
Wethersfield, England (Station 170); 1 Feb 1944 to 23 Sep 1944
Melun/Villaroche, France (Station A-55); 24 Sep 1944 to 12 Feb 1945
Laon/Athies, France (Station A-69); 13 Feb 1945 to 25 May 1945
Cormeilles-en-Vexin, France (Station A-59); 25 May 1945 to c. 15 Jul 1945
Cambrai, France (Station A-74); c. 15 Jul 1945 to 27 Jul 1945
Camp Chicago (between Rheims and Laon), France; 27 Jul to 17 Sep 1945
Calas Staging Area (near Marseille), France; 17 Sep 1945 to 11 Oct 1945
416th HQ Return to United States on S.S. Blue Island Victory; 11-22 Oct 1945
Camp Myles Standish, MA; 23 Oct 1945 to 24 Oct 1945


Commanders
-----------
None (not manned); 5 Feb 1943 to 14 Feb 1943
Lt Col Richard D. Dick; 15 Feb 1943 to 22 Oct 1943
Col Harold L. Mace; 22 Oct 1943 to 3 Aug 1944
Col Theodore R. Aylesworth; 3 Aug 1944 to 22 Jul 1945
Lt Col James W. Townsend; 22 Jul 1945 to 24 Oct 1945


Aircraft
--------
Douglas A-20 Havoc; 5 Feb 1943 to 6 Feb 1945
Douglas A-26 Invader; 30 Sep 1944 to 24 Oct 1945


Campaign Streamers - World War II
---------------------------------
Air Offensive, Europe; 4 Jul 1942 to 5 Jun 1944 (WO GO 85, 1945)
Normandy; 6 Jun to 24 Jul 1944 (WO GO 102, 1945)
Northern France; 25 Jul 1944 to 14 Sep 1944 (WO GO 103, 1945)
Rhineland; 15 Sep 1944 to 21 Mar 1945 (WO GO 118, 1945)
Ardennes-Alsace; 16 Dec 1944 to 25 Jan 1945 (WO GO 114, 1945)
Central Europe; 22 Mar 1945 to 11 May 1945 (WO GO 116, 1945)


Decorations
-----------
Distinguished Unit Citation: France; 6 to 9 Aug 1944 (WO GO 84)
Croix de Guerre (with silver gilt star): France; 18 Oct 1943 to 8 May 1945




Operational Period (3-March-1944 to 3-May-1945)
Intelligence Department Operational Record

Transcribed from Monthly Historical Summary, May, 1945 - Exhibit #58

                                          OPERATIONAL PERIOD 

Data                               A-20's          A-26's          Total         

A/C Dispatched                     6251            4614            10865 
A/C Attacking Target               4012 (64%)      3918 (85%)       7930 (73%) 
A/C Abortive                       2239 (36%)       696 (15%)       2935 (27%) 
Sorties                            5567 (89%)      4442 (96%)      10009 (92%) 
Total Tonnage over E/T             4353.25         6766.06         11119.31 
Total Operational Hours           17678:25        15801:25         33479:50 


A/C Losses 

Due to Flak over E/T               26              14              40 
Due to Battle Damage               21              19              40 
Total Combat Losses                47              33              80 


Personnel Losses 

MIA                                59              26              85 
KIA                                11              19              30 
Confirmed P/W's                    18              1               19 
Total Personnel Losses             88              46             124 

Missions                          158             127             285 


Type of Target 

Airdromes, Landing Fields          35  (.221)       7  (.055)      42  (.147) 
NOBALL                             23  (.145)       0              23  (.080) 
Window Missions                     3  (.019)       0               3  (.011) 
Marshalling Yards (RR)             23  (.145)      20  (.157)      43  (.151) 
Coastal Batteries, Gun Positions   14  (.089)       0              14  (.049) 
Headquarters (German Staff)         3  (.019)       0              3   (.011) 
RR Bridges, Lines and Junctions    26  (.164)      23  (.181)      49  (.171) 
Fuel Dumps                          5  (.031)       3  (.023)       8  (.028) 
Highways and Highway Junctions      3  (.019)       0               3  (.011) 
Ammo and Ord. Dumps                 1  (.006)      21  (.165)      22  (.077) 
Radar Stations                      2  (.012)       0               2  (.007) 
Defended Areas (Fortified villages  0  (.000)      44  (.346)      44  (.154) 
                and towns) 
**Miscellaneous Targets            20  (.135)       9  (.073)      29  (.103) 
                                  ________________________________________________ 
                                  158    100%     127    100%     285    100% 

**NOTE: Miscellaneous Targets were Strafing Missions, Troops concentrations, 
        General Storage Areas, Transport Centers (Motor), Communications Centers, 
        Barracks Area. 

During the Operational Period of this Group (3 March 1944- 3 May 1945), 60,349 
manhours of training were given by the Intelligence Section. Subjects were as 
follows: 
       Map and Target Study (Combat Crews) 
       Weekly War Summaries (All Personnel) 
       GLO Lectures (Preceding each Briefing and also to other unit personnel) 
       A/C Recognition (Combat Crews) 
       P/W & E/E Lectures (Combat Crews) 
       Security (All Personnel) 

Each individual of this Group received an average of 50 hours of training from 
the Intelligence Section. (On the basis that during our operational period per-
sonnel strength averaged 1200). 

Additional: 442 Briefed Missions (442 pre-Briefings and 442 Briefings) of 60 
            minutes each average.  Each Individual returned crew member from 
            each of the 10009 operational sorties of this unit, received an indivi-
            dual interrogation (approx. 25,000 interrogations). 





Operational Record Page 1


Operational Record Page 2




416th Bomb Group A-20 and A-26 Bombing Records

A-20 Bombing Record 3/44 thru 10/44

416th Bomb Group A-20 Bombing Record - March thru October, 1944.
Exhibit #1, November 1944 (AFHRA)


A-26 Bombing Record 3/45

416th Bomb Group A-26 Bombing Record - March, 1945
(courtesy of Captain Francis J. Cachat via Ron Papajcik)




(Declassified IAW EO 12958)
Most documents available from the Air Force Historical Research Agency (AFHRA) at Maxwell Air Force Base, AL.