9th AF Patch

416th Bombardment Group (L)

Mission # 278 -- April 20, 1945, Friday AM

Deggendorf, Germany

Oil Storage Depot



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Summary of Operations

Field Order        : 263-865
OpRep #            : 20.0
Nature of Mission  : Bombing
Mission Status     : Attacked
Bombing Altitude   : 8,000 -9,500 feet
Take-off Time      : 0854
Time Over Target   : 1127 - 1135
Landing Time       : 1405
Duration (Hrs:Min) : 5:11

Place of Take-Off  : A-69 Laon/Athies, France
A/C Dispatched     : 44 Total -- 44 A-26's
Modified British System Reference: WU-840374
Summary of Results : Flights scored two Superior, two Excellent, two NAO and one Undetermined. One a/c bombed Viechtach.

Primary Target Latitude/Longitude: 48.81661,12.97403 (48° 48' 60" N, 12° 58' 27" E)
(Latitude/Longitude based on The "Coordinates Translator", (NGZ) wU840374)
(See Latitude/Longitude Coordinates and Target Identifiers for more information.)

Scanned original Mission 278 documents (multipage PDF files)

Mission Folder       Reports Folder       OpRep # 20       Fuel Use

If nothing happens on Click, check to see if the PDF file was automatically saved to your computer. Depending on Internet speed, the display or download may be slow.
These Public Domain, Declassified Mission documents were graciously provided to the 416th BG Archive by the dedicated staff of the Air Force Historical Research Agency (AFHRA).
An on-line index of records held by AFHRA up to 2001 is available at Air Force History Index.org.
Most of these PDF files are unaltered originals provided by the AFHRA, a few have been re-organized.
Pages may be out of sequence; files may contain scanned blank pages and/or pages scanned upside-down; some pages may be included in more than one file.
The "Mission Folder" usually contains the majority of documents for a Mission, including Field Orders, Status Reports, Pilot Interrogations, Photos (if available), etc.

Route Map

Route Map

Loading List 1

Loading List 1, Box I

Loading List 2

Loading List 2, Box II With Extra Flight

Bomb Run Photo

Bomb Run Photo
(Lt. Robert S. Bower Combat Journal)

Mission Loading Lists Transcription

Mission # 278 -- April 20, 1945, Friday AM
Deggendorf, Germany -- Oil Storage Depot

Included are Box, Flight and Position; Bomb Squadron; Aircraft Serial Number, Fuselage Code and Model; and Crew Members
transcribed from individual mission Loading List documents by Chris and Mary Adams and Carl Sgamboti.
Some information, such as Squadron, Serial Number, etc. has been expanded from other documents.

Box I -- Flight I
  1  670th                   
  43-22528  F6-T  A-26C
  Maj Ferris, C.H.
  Lt Kirk, R.L.
  Lt McNutt, M.C.
  S/Sgt Rio, D.J.
  2  670th                   
  41-39224  F6-E  A-26B
  Lt Chitty, W.D.
  Sgt Raccio, V.B.
  3  670th                   
  41-39286  F6-D  A-26B
  Lt Wallace, J.F.
  Sgt Plant, R.
  4  670th                   
  41-39416  F6-O  A-26B
  Lt Singletary, R.B.
  S/Sgt Ricketson, J.J.
  5  670th                   
  43-22334  F6-G  A-26B
  Lt Stankowski, J.F.
  Sgt Kimball, A.H.
  6  670th                   
  41-39315  F6-F  A-26B
  Lt Balch, W.M.
  Sgt Brennan, J.D.

Box I -- Flight II
  1  668th                   
  43-22640  5H-N  A-26C
  Lt Annin, W.W.
  Lt Martin, R.L.
  S/Sgt Rivard, C.J.
  2  668th                   
  41-39259  5H-H  A-26B
  Lt Phillips, J.P.
  S/Sgt Gandy, R.S.
  3  668th                   
  41-39310  5H-A  A-26B
  Lt Lackner, R.J.
  Sgt Fidler, W.H.
  4  668th                   
  41-39352  5H-J  A-26B
  Lt Roberts, W.H.
  S/Sgt Felkel, J.W.
  5  668th                   
  41-39188  5H-R  A-26B
  Lt Parkhurst, G.J.
  S/Sgt Newman, F.
  6  668th                   
  43-22385  5H-D  A-26B
  Lt Drum, E.B.
  Sgt Schwartzkopf, J.R.

Box I -- Flight III
  1  668th                   
  43-22508  5H-Z  A-26C
  Lt Laseter, W.H.
  Lt Schlefer, M.P.
  S/Sgt Cross, R.M.
  2  668th                   
  43-22321  5H-T  A-26B
  Lt Carver, J.H.
  S/Sgt Stewart, A.B.
  3  668th                   
  41-39264  5H-I  A-26B
  Lt Blevins, J.W.
  S/Sgt Gentry, F.
  S/Sgt Williford, C.W.
  4  668th                   
  41-39305  5H-U  A-26B
  Lt Cannon, L.E.
  S/Sgt Metzler, L.V.
  5  668th                   
  41-39325  5H-L  A-26B
  Lt Nathanson, A.S.
  S/Sgt Hicks, C.M.
  6  668th                   
  41-39274  5H-S  A-26B
  Lt Tank, F.R.
  Sgt Fagan, C.D.

Box I
  SPARE  669th               
  41-39229  2A-B  A-26B
  Capt Shapard, J.M.
  S/Sgt McGuire, J.J.

Box II -- Flight I
  1  670th                   
  43-22469  F6-A  A-26C
  Lt Brewster, F.S.
  Lt Dennis, L.W.
  F/O Conley, F.J.
  S/Sgt Clark, W.O.
  2  669th                   
  43-22609  2A-N  A-26C
  Maj Conant, H.F.
  Lt Page, L.J.
  S/Sgt Sienkiewicz, J.
  3  670th                   
  41-39205  F6-M  A-26B
  Lt Musgrove, W.
  S/Sgt Seighman, H.O.
  4  670th                   
  41-39223  F6-B  A-26B
  Lt Bower, R.S.
  S/Sgt Sgroi, A.P.
  5  670th                   
  43-22315  F6-L  A-26B
  F/O Boerner, S.B.
  Sgt Eddy, K.A.
  6  669th                   
  41-39393  2A-M  A-26B
  Lt Sheley, S.H.
  S/Sgt Paladino, D.V.

Box II -- Flight II
  1  671st                   
  43-22498  5C-R  A-26C
  Capt Pair, H.F.
  Lt Corum, J.L.
  S/Sgt Swank, O.E.
  2  671st                   
  41-39265  5C-V  A-26B
  Lt Graeber, T.E.
  S/Sgt Miller, A.H.
  3  671st                   
  41-39297  5C-T  A-26B
  Lt Winn, A.J.P.
  S/Sgt Stephenson, G.G.
  4  671st                   
  41-39360  5C-L  A-26B
  Lt Gary, J.C.
  S/Sgt Eaton, A.B.
  5  671st                   
  41-39250  5C-A  A-26B
  Lt Price, D.L.
  S/Sgt McNellis, D.E.
  6  671st                   
  43-22356  5C-C  A-26B
  Lt Simpson, R.L.
  Sgt Stypenski, V.S.

Box II -- Flight III
  1  669th                   
  43-22492  2A-E  A-26C
  Lt Turner, E.O.
  Lt McGivern, P.J.
  Lt Morley, B.J.
  S/Sgt McClain, H.B.
  2  669th                   
  41-39271  2A-R  A-26B
  Lt Dunn, F.G.
  Lt Britt, J.W.
  Sgt Stein, L.C.
  3  669th                   
  41-39338  2A-O  A-26B
  Lt DuBose, M.W.
  Sgt Reid, K.A.
  4  669th                   
  41-39252  2A-D  A-26B
  Maj Sommers, H.L.
  S/Sgt Heath, K.
  5  669th                   
  41-39362  2A-Y  A-26B
  Lt Harper, R.B.
  Sgt Black, R.M.
  6  669th                   
  41-39314  2A-H  A-26B
  Lt Housley, C.H.
  Sgt Block, P.J.

Box II
  SPARE  669th               
  43-22354  2A-S  A-26B
  Lt Wills, P.W.
  S/Sgt McGaughy, W.S.

Box II -- Flight EXTRA
  1  671st                   
  43-22497  5C-E  A-26C
  Capt Tutt, R.J.
  Lt Orr, L.A.
  S/Sgt Wood, W.
  2  671st                   
  43-22352  5C-J  A-26B
  Lt Mooney, S.
  Sgt Schumacher, R.C.
  3  671st                   
  41-39328  5C-D  A-26B
  Lt Cocke, J.B.
  S/Sgt Redding, R.D.
  4  671st                   
  41-39239  5C-N  A-26B
  Lt Fero, D.A.
  S/Sgt Skelton, T.W.
  Lt Sampson, T.W.
  [Sampson (Intel)]
  5  671st                   
  41-39209  5C-M  A-26B
  Lt Spires, J.W.
  S/Sgt Messinger, R.W.
  6  671st                   
  43-22313  5C-B  A-26B
  Lt Remiszewski, A.
  S/Sgt DiOrio, F.

Group and Unit Histories

Mission # 278 -- April 20, 1945, Friday AM
Deggendorf, Germany -- Oil Storage Depot

"416th Bombardment Group (L) - Group History 1945"
Transcribed from USAF Archives

Two equally successful attacks on the 20th went a long way toward striking the knockout punch to Hitler's armored and air might. In the morning, the Deggendorf ordnance depot was left buried under smoke and flames. Four flights used impulse bombing very successfully. The depot was severely damaged; 30-35 hits on storage buildings, 15-20 hits on railroad tracks, 10-15 hits on smaller buildings, and 5-10 hits on roads. Damage cause by two flights could not be assessed because of the smoke and flames.

When the bombs in one plane would not release over the target, his flight leader led him to the town of Viechtach, which he bombed with excellent results. Moderate, accurate flak was fired at the flight from this town, but there was no battle damage. The rest of the formation did not experience any flak.

The two boxes of 44 planes were led by Major Ferris (Lts Kirk and McNutt, B&N) and Lt Brewster (Lt Dennis and F/O Conley, B&N).

"Attack Bombers, We Need You! A History of the 416th Bomb Group"
Ralph Conte
Pages 255 - 256

Mission #278 - 20 April - AM - Deggendorf Ordnance Depot. This target on the Danube River not too far from Munich was hit with 1000 pound bombs, again with devastating results. Flames and smoke rose to 9000 feet, attesting to the accuracy of the hits. Again, superior and Excellent results were scored. The depot was severely damaged with 30 to 35 hits on smaller buildings and ten hits on the roads. One plane had a problem getting his bombs to release, but his flight leader took him over Viechtach, where they shook the bombs out, doing considerable damage there. No flak or fighters came close to the formation.

The two boxes of a total of 44 planes were led by Major Ferris with Lts. Kirk and McNutt, BNs. Lt. Brewster with Lt. Dennis and F/O Conley, BNs. Captain Pair and Lt. Corum BN, - Captain Tutt and Lt. Orr BN, and Lt. Fero and Lt. Sampson led flights.

"668th Bombardment Squadron (L) History"
Transcription from USAF Archives

Our pilot-bombardier teams continued to hit the assigned targets, inflicting damage upon the enemy's remaining communications centers and storage dumps, which materially hastened the final victory. On 11 April, Major McNulty and Lt Powell scored a "superior" in an attack on Bernburg Marshalling Yard. The following day, Lt Paul E. Parker and Lt Robert E. Shaft led a flight against a rail bridge at Hof, also with "superior" results. On 20 April the bombing of the flight led by Lt William Laseter and Lt Mark P. Schlefer on Deggendorf Oil Storage Depot rated a "superior". On 21 April the team of Captain Evans and Lt McCartney continued its excellent combat record with a "superior" for the bombing of Attnung-Pucheim Marshalling Yard.

"669th Bombardment Squadron (L) History"
Transcription from USAF Archives

The twentieth of the month was another day when two missions were flown. An Oil Storage Depot at Deggendorf was the target for the morning mission. Superior results were obtained by the flight led by Lt. Turner, with Lts. McGivern and Morley serving as his Bombardier and Navigator respectively.

"670th Bombardment Squadron (L) History"
Transcription from USAF Archives

Mission No. 278 flown on the morning of 20 April 1945 produced excellent to superior results against Deggendorf Oil Storage Depot. 1000 pound GP bombs were used on this mission. 12 of our aircraft participated, with Major Ferris/Lt. Kirk and Lt. McNutt leading the formation. Major Ferris's flight had superior bombing. Lt. Brewster/Lt. Dennis and F/O Conley led the second box and scored excellent results. The second mission for the day, No. 279, again produced excellent to superior results in an attack on Annaburg Storage Depot. 6 of our crews flew on this mission with Lt. Barausky and Lt. Sheehan leading a flight, for the first time on a mission, with excellent results. One of the original crew members who came overseas with this squadron, Capt. Frank J. Harrold, Jr., left today for the 70th Reinforcement Depot on the first step of his journey to the Zone of the Interior for a 30 day leave. Capt. Harrold was the last of the West Point Officers to leave the squadron for leaves at home.

"671st Bomb Squadron (L) Unit History"
Gordon Russell and Jim Kerns

April 20th, 1945

Two fuel depots were smashed by the 416th on the morning and afternoon of April 20th 1945. Both missions were run without loss or battle damage and results of both missions were very successful.

The target in the morning was the Deggendorf Oil Storage Depot, located on the Danube River, 75 miles northeast of Munnich. The thousand pound bombs caused large fires, the flames and smoke rising to almost 9,000 feet. Bombs from the two 671st flights fell into the smoke of previous flights and ratings were not given. Two superiors and two excellents and an undetermined were scored by the other flights.

In an after supper attack the 416th hit a fuel depot for the German Air Force south of Berlin at Annaburg with highly successful results. Major Dunn, Lt. Brewer and Lt. Hanna led the formation and as usual bombed the target with superior results. The center of the burst hit on the DMPI and the target was blanketed. Lt. Brown and Lt. Kerns led the second box and due to the smoke and haze over the target area failed to hit on the DMPI. The bombs, however, cut roads in the area. The formation left the depot ablaze.

[April 20, 1945], HQ Twelfth Army Group situation map

Map showing Western Allies and Axis troop position details in Western Europe
as of approximately 1200 hours, April 20, 1945
World War II Military Situation Maps Collection
Library of Congress

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